Layout, Floor and Wall Framing
This course is offered in partnership with MTCopeland. Learn the basic principles and methods of floor and wall framing in construction, from which tools are essential for a framing job to common applications for sheet goods and key systems used to build walls. With over 100,000 satisfied students and a course catalog of over 1,000 classes, we are here to help you – Invest in Yourself.
Sarah Smith is the executive director of Sawhorse Revolution, a Seattle nonprofit that aims to empower disadvantaged teens through building. Since helping to launch the nonprofit in 2010, Sarah has seen Sawhorse Revolution build everything from over a dozen cheerful tiny homes to a 16’ diameter, octagonal tree house hoisted high off the forest floor. In 2021, Sawhorse Revolution’s work on Estelita’s Library, a serene community space that doubles as a bookstore and library, was featured in Dwell. “At the core of our work,” she told the outlet, “is the idea that youth can and should have a hand in shaping their own neighborhoods.”
This course is designed to cover the fundamental aspects of floor and wall framing to help construction workers gain the basic skills and knowledge required to build efficiently on a jobsite.
Introduction to Framing – Sarah Smith is executive director of Sawhorse Revolution, a Seattle nonprofit empowering disadvantaged high school students through carpentry and design. Sarah shares what you’ll learn in her course, from wall frame construction to common tools.
Dimensional Lumber for Framing – Sarah describes several types of dimensional lumber used in wood framing, noting key measurements and terminology.
Sheet Goods for Exterior Framing – There are two types of engineered wood products for wood frame construction: CDX and OSB. Learn their properties, common applications, and how they’re best used.
Fasteners – Sarah shares the types of fasteners commonly used in wood framing, including sixteen-penny nails, galvanized nails, and joist hanger screws.
Personal Protective Equipment – Keeping yourself safe is essential on any project. Learn what PPE is useful for wood frame construction, from ear protection to respirators.
Hand Tools – Sarah covers three types of hand tools: tools for nail manipulation, measuring, and marking. Plus: miscellaneous tools like chisels, saws, and plumb bobs.
Pneumatic Tools – Pneumatic tools are powered by compressed air. Sarah shares how they’re used and her thoughts on maintenance.
Cutting Tools – Sarah reveals the most common cutting tools you’ll find on a framing site, like the circular saw, sawzall, oscillating tool, and power planer.
Drills and Drivers – Drills and drivers fasten and manipulate lumber. Learn essential drill and driver terminology and how to choose fasteners for tools.
Tool Belt – Sarah shares which tools to stash in your toolbelt: the hammer loop, torpedo level, and cat’s paw.
Principles of Framing – There are three principles of quality framing: planning ahead; supporting and connecting the structures; and ensuring plumb, level, square, and straight structures.
Terminology and Getting Started – Learn which members comprise wall frames and floor frames: studs, footings, joists, and more.
Layout Marks and 16 On-Center – Sarah shares essential layout marking tools, then shows how to measure and mark a piece of lumber so it’s “sixteen on-center,” meaning every 16 inches aligns with the center of the stud.
Floor Framing – Sarah describes the floor-framing process, which entails leveling skids, installing floor joists, and making exterior rim joists flush.
Squaring Floors – Sarah shares two ways to check for square floors: the 3-4-5 triangle method and measuring for even corners.
Balloon Framing – Sarah defines balloon framing, which involves framing and pre-building the walls before installation.
Assembling: Walls – Sarah shows how to assemble wall layouts by measuring and marking the lumber before installation.
Tipping Up Walls – Learn about tipping up walls, from marking measurements with chalk lines to clearly communicating.
Squaring and Bracing Walls – Sarah shares ways to check for square and plumb walls and how braces hold walls in place.